Electric Vehicles

Benefits of Electric Vehicles

 Electric Vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular day by day. These types of cars differ from the conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) on the way they are propelled. Conventional vehicles burn gasoline or diesel, and when this happens, it sets the engine in rotating motion. This enables the movement of the car. In contrast, electric vehicles instead of burning fuel it obtains power from batteries to run a controller that allows the movement of the car.

 Electric vehicles (EVs) vs. internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) 

According to a comparative environmental life cycle assessment between conventional and electric vehicles, there are some differences between the production and use phases of both. The findings are summarized in the following lines:


–          Taking into consideration the current European electricity mix offer, in general Electric Vehicles represent 10% to 24% decrease in global warming potential (GWP) comparing to conventional diesel or gasoline cars if a lifetime of 150.000 km are assumed.


–          Production emissions are double for EVs than ICEs.


–          Batteries are the highest source of GWP of EVs production (35% of the total).


It can be seen that most of the impacts of the EVs are on the production phase. For the rest of the phases, the benefits of EVs over ICEs are varied including:


–          Energy efficiency: About 61% of the electric energy is converted to power at the wheels in EVs. A high percentage comparing to the 19% of gasoline power that goes directly to the wheels.


–          Environmental performance: EVs does not emit any pollutants and its carbon emissions will depend on the electricity mix of the country. Assuming a renewable based mix in the future, there is a potential of zero carbon emissions. The noise produced by the EVs is very low as well, especially compared to conventional ICEVs.


–          Reduction of dependency: Electricity is generated at home, while diesel and gasoline are generated mostly in foreign countries.


–          Fuel and tax cost effectiveness: overall fuel costs for an EV are around 3p per mile compared to 16p per mile for a ICEV. In addition, electric vehicles are currently exempt from road tax, fuel duty, company car tax and congestion charges in cities like London.


–          General performance: Electric motors provide stronger acceleration and require less maintenance than conventional ones.


Other general benefits and tips of Electric Vehicles (EVs)

1. Fuel life and charging

 –          A battery can be charged from between 4 to 8 hours.

–          A quick charge at a rapid charging point can restore the battery to 80% capacity within as little as 30 minutes.

–          Many charging points are tamper proof, secure and lockable. Giving you a piece of mind when leaving your car at a charging point.


2. Mileage range


–          The average range for an electric vehicle is approximately 100 miles on a full charge.

–          In the East of England you will be no more than 25 miles away from a public charging post in the next few years.

–          There are plans to install 8,500 publicly available charging posts across the UK by 2013, including within Peterborough.


3. Wellbeing, lifestyle and convenience


–          Electric vehicles come in a variety of sizes and designs to suit your needs.

–          It is possible to rent an electric vehicle if you are unsure about buying straight away.

–          Electric vehicles are as just as safe to drive as standard vehicles and will have passed European ENCAP safety tests.

–          Many manufacturers have developed, or are developing electric vehicles, so there will be plenty to choose from.

–          Maintenance and training courses are being developed to ensure there will be plenty of quality technicians to service vehicles in the near future.

–          Electric vehicles provide the same individual freedom of movement as a conventional fuel based vehicle.


4. Costs

  • Central Government currently offer grants that will reduce the cost of an electric vehicle by up to £5,000.
  • You can reduce the overall running costs of an electric vehicle by charging it overnight.

Useful links

Study: Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00532.x/abstract

Fuel economy: More information about EVs http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/evtech.shtml

Source London: Information about the costs of EVs https://www.sourcelondon.net/benefits-you

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